What is Mahadasha and its Purpose?

Mahadasha is a very important concept in Vedic astrology. It represents the primary planetary period that governs a person’s life. This ancient and complex astrological tool is important in figuring out how the planets influence a phase in a person’s life.

It divides a person’s life into different segments. Each segment is ruled by a different planet for a specific duration. The meaning of the term ‘maha’ is great or important, and ‘dasha’ is period or influence. 

Importance of Mahadasha

The concept of mahadasha holds great importance in Vedic astrology. It’s used as a tool in understanding the possible challenges in a person’s life.

By understanding your present mahadasha you can create opportunities to mitigate any negative effects and grow in your life’s path

image of planets with distant sun in background

The Vimshottari Dasha System

The term Vimshottari Dasha refers to a 120-year cycle representing the planetary periods. Vimshottari simply means “counting by twenties”.

As per Vimshottari Dasha, the time period of each planet showcases its own unique energy and has a different impact on a person’s life. These planetary energies can affect one’s work, relationships, health, and well-being.

Rule Duration and Order

The Vimshottari Dasha system shows that every planet has a certain amount of time to rule and influence. A good example is the Moon which rules the first ten years. 

The Vimshottari Dasha system is the most widely used system for calculating mahadashas. As per this calculation system, each of the nine planets are assigned a certain time period of influence that it has on a person’s life. Hence, each planet has a different duration.

The nine planets are: Sun, Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, Saturn, Rahu (north node of Moon’s orbit), and Ketu (south node of Moon’s orbit).

The Planets and their Duration

Subdivisions of Mahadasha

Essentially, mahadashas are divided further into smaller periods known as antardashas and bhuktis. The number of bhuktis for every mahadasha depends on the ruling planet.

Understanding the Effects of mahadasha and Antardasha

The effects of mahadasha and antardasha depends on several factors. One of the main factors is position of lords mahadasha and antardasha.

The mahadasha lord refers to the planet ruling it currently and the same goes for lord antardasha.

In essence, the primary influence on someone’s life is said to come from the mahadasha lord. Furthermore, the antardasha lord is believed to modify that influence.

For example, a positive mahadasha accompanied by a challenging antardasha is said to bring obstacles.

Similarly, a challenging mahadasha accompanied by a favourable antardasha could prove to be useful and provide growth instances.

Impact on Personal and Professional Life

During periods of mahadasha, the planet that is ruling influences an individual’s life with its characteristics. A positive influence may lead to growth and happiness while a negative influence may bring obstacles.

The combination of planets

The order and way planets interact with eachother during mahadasha periods, provide more depth to an astrological study on the subject.

This astrological analysis is further interrogated by studying the conjunctions and aspects in the planets that are ruling as well as the planets that are assisting.

The result of this study shows what a person’s life journey looks like.

Talking to an Astrologer 

In order to understand mahadasha and how it may affect your life, it’s important to take advice from expert astrologers.

Astrologers are experienced in the studies of mahadasha and antardasha periods and can provide better guidance and remedies to mitigate any negative effects during these periods.

Remedies and Rituals

When someone is experiencing a difficult mahadasha period, certain astrological remedies can help mitigate or decrease its effects. These remedies may include certain rituals, mantras or gemstone suggestions.

People believe that following these remedies can bring balance and decrease the negative effects of the ruling planets.

Self-awareness and Adaptability 

If you know about the current mahadasha and how it might affect your life, you’d be better prepared to handle and adapt to the time period.

Being prepared for these times is essential and can help you decrease negative effects if any.

Prioritizing Good Intentions and Positive Actions

During these times it’s important to remember to place your energy towards positive things. Good deeds goes a long way. Try focusing on self-improvement and being kind.


Mahadasha is an important concept in Vedic astrology and can only be understood by analyzing a person’s birth chart or kundli. Understanding the position of planets at the time of birth is key.

By understanding your mahadasha you can be prepared for possible life challenges that a ruling planet can bring and find opportunities to mitigate its effects. A careful analysis from an expert astrologer is recommended.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q1: How do you know which Mahadasha is going on?

Accurate birth information like the date, time, and place of birth is necessary to know the present mahadasha. This information is used to calculate the moon’s location in the nakshatras. After that the initial mahadasha is determined by the nakshatra lord at the time of birth. 

You can use our online services to get this information or consult one of our experienced astrologers.

Q2: Which Mahadasha gives death?

There’s no single mahadasha that has been labelled as a cause of the death. However, some believe that the influences from some ruling planets during these times may suggest a higher chance of death or a death-like scenario. Some such mahadashas are: 

  • Saturn’s mahadasha: This mahadasha could bring obstacles, health issues, emotional period, and in some cases even death
  • Rahu’s mahadasha: It’s believed that death is connected to Rahu. This mahadasha may result in unfortunate circumstances, accidents, and health issues that could result in an early death.
  • Ketu’s Mahadasha: Ketu is at times linked with death as it represents ending and separation. During ketu mahadasha, it is believed that the person may experience self-analysis, letting go of things, and a spiritual transformation. The transformation may take the shape of physical death in some cases, a metophorical death of one’s ego in some cases, or a significant change in life in some cases.
Q3: What does the Mahadasha depend on?

The mahadasha period depends on the position of the moon in the nakshatras (lunar mansions) when a person is born.

This is how the initial mahadasha is found. Later, the Vimshottari Dasha system gives each planet it influence period and controls how long each mahadasha and antardashas (sub-periods) last.

Q4: How to interpret Mahadasha?

Interpreting mahadasha includes analysing a person’s birth chart and identifying the current mahadasha and antardasha, examining the mahadasha lord, evaluating the antardasha lord, understanding planet’s transits, and interpreting the overall impact. 

Q5: Which Dasha is good and bad?

As per Vedic astrology, the position of planets in a person’s birth chart can tell whether a dasha is good or bad.

Planets like Jupiter and Venus are thought to be good. Other planets like Saturn and Rahu are thought to be bad and may cause problems.

Q6: Which Mahadasha is responsible for marriage?

A beneficial Jupiter Mahadasha or antardasha can help in making it easier in finding a good partner and start a happy married life.

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